Tax Questions, Matthew 22 , JUMC, 20111023
15 Then the Pharisees went and plotted to entrap him in what he said. 16 So they sent their disciples to him, along with the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that you are sincere, and teach the way of God in accordance with truth, and show deference to no one; for you do not regard people with partiality. 17 Tell us, then, what you think. Is it lawful to pay taxes to the emperor, or not?” 18 But Jesus, aware of their malice, said, “Why are you putting me to the test, you hypocrites? 19 Show me the coin used for the tax.” And they brought him a denarius. 20 Then he said to them, “Whose head is this, and whose title?” 21 They answered, “The emperor’s.” Then he said to them, “Give therefore to the emperor the things that are the emperor’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 22 When they heard this, they were amazed; and they left him and went away.
The Unanswerable question: Jesus’ test question.
His response is to look at the money. “Show me the money.” Cuba Gooding Jr and Tom Cruise.
Money’s History.. for 5000 years money as a third party item of exchange has been present in some society. The SHEKLE was one of the earliest standardized measures of money, referring to approximately as pound of barley grain.
Coins while the Egyptians used goal bars in trade, the standardized use of coins did out come on the scene until about 700 BC as
Denarius 269 BC early roman coin. used for 400 years.
Bills of Exchange: based on paying back a debt owed.
Trade bead… glass or even coffee or even coacoa beans
Legal Tender: 1600s (17th century)
Exchange, OT and NT practice…Several issues are involved in this passage: It would have been unclean to have a roman coin in the temple and in the hands of the priests.
—Jesus test: is money to be worshipped?
there are taxes to be paid, the cost of living in the Roman empire. Pay for your streets and protection.
the question was intended to trick Jesus into saying taxes didn’t have to be paid. That Jesus’ kingdom was above the law of the land, and they wanted the romans to get him for teaching not to pay taxes.
There is the unaddressed question of where the scribes and teachers got a denarius. From temple conversations?
There is no escaping our civil duty… not only an issue of tax, but also of service tot he state.
3. what are the things that belong to god?
our hearts… putting god first, then we will be responsible with the rest.
4. be intentional in your spiritual growth. knowing, recognizing the things of God.
giving on purpose, planning to give.
How much does God want? All of our heart. Again, if all our heart is in God, the money follows. the time follows, the service follows, etc. Get the picture.
If you have a tax question, as the folks who spend their time studying up on the codes. If you have a faith question, as a a Jesus follower